ANALISIS DAMPAK TAMBANG EMAS TRADSIONAL TERHADAP LINGKUNGAN FISIK DAN SOSIAL EKONOMI MASYARAKAT DI DESA POKLA, BUPER – WAENA, KABUPATEN HERAM, JAYAPURA PROVINSI PAPUA

Alfrida Milka Yaru, Mujiati Mujiati, Thobby Wakarwamu

Abstract


Traditional gold mining in Pokla Buper Village, Waena Village, Heram District, Jayapura City, Papua Province has been carried out since 1996, using simple equipment, namely hoes, cauldrons and sieves. In 2010 the mine grew to a large size using a spray method alkon machine. From 2020 to 2022 using heavy equipment, namely excavators and dompeng machines. Factors that trigger the emergence of gold mining, to meet the economic needs of the family and create jobs for the community. The purpose of this study was to analyze the impact of traditional gold mining on the physical environment, socio-economic community and efforts to reduce the negative impact of traditional gold mining. Primary data from observations, interviews and documentation are from respondents who own customary rights, communities living around mining areas, RW heads and employees. The analysis used is descriptive qualitative. The results showed that the impact of traditional gold mining on the physical environment damaged the mining area and landslides occurred in the campus area of the Institute of Domestic Government. The social impact of the community is in the form of a positive impact in the field of education because with education they can build an advanced society. The economic impact of the community can be more independent in managing the potential of existing natural resources. Efforts to reduce the negative impact of traditional gold mining activities are land reclamation of damaged mining areas so that they can function optimally, and develop positive impacts for the community around the mining area.

Keywords


Traditional Gold Mining, Environmental Physical Impact, and Socio-Economic Impact

Full Text:

PDF

References


Sukanto Reksodiprodjo, 1999, Ekonomi Publik, Edisi Pertama, Yoyakarta

Noor, Djauhari. (2006). Geologi Lingkungan. Yogyakarta: Graha Ilmu

Anonim, 1945. Undang-undang dasar 1945 pasal 33 ayat 3. Bumi air dan kekayaan alam dikuasai oleh negara untuk kemakmuran rakyat.

Ahyani M. 2011. Pengaruh Kegiatan Penambangan Emas Terhadap Kondisi Kerusakan Tanah Pada Wilayah Pertambangan Rakyat Di Bombana Provinsi Sulawesi Tenggara. Universitas Diponegoro. (http:// eprints.undip.ac.id/33570/1/tesis_pdf), diakses pada 2 Maret 2013.

Alfonsus H. Harianja dan Asep Sukmana, 2014. Korelasi Pertambangan Emas Tradisonal Terhadap Keadaan Sosial Ekonomi Masyarakat Kabupaten Madina sumatera Utara. Jurnal Balai Penelitian Kehutanan Aek Nauli

Budiyanto dan Junaidi, 1995. Pengembangan Pertambangan dan Energi Irian Jaya, Kantor Wilayah Provinsi Irian Jaya nomor : 1181. Bndung.

Drs. Achmad Aminullah, 2012. Analisis Dampak Penambangan Emas Rakyat di Kecamatan Pesanggaran kabupaten banyuwangi. Program Studi ilmu Ekonomi, Fakultas Ekonomi Universitas Jember

Drs.Joko Christanto, M.Si, 2017. Modul Ruang Lingkup Analisis Sumber Daya Alam dan Lingkungan, Universitas Terbuka, Tangerang Selatan..

Dr. Iswandi U.,Spd.,M.Si, dan Dr. Endang Dewata, M.Si, 2020. Pengelolaan Sumber Daya Alam, Yogyakarta.

Dokumen RPLP, 2019. Rencana Penataan lingkungan Permukiman Kelurahan Waena Distrik Heram-Kota Jayapura Program Kota tanpa Kumuh

Gustaf Adolof Ohee, 2021. Laporan Aktivitas Pertambangan Rakyat dari PETI menjadi IPR Kampung Pokla Buper Kelurahan Waena Distrik Heram Kota Jayapura.

Mochammad Aziz, 2014. Model Pertambangan Emas Rakyat dan Pengelolaan Lingkungan Tambang di Wilayah Desa Paningkaban, Kecamatan Gumelar, Kabupaten Banyumas, Jawa Tengah. Prodi Teknik Geologi, Jurusan Teknik, FST Universitas Jenderal Soedirman Purwokerto. Jurnal Dinamika rekayasa,ISSN 1858-3073.

Patrick Marcell Fandy dan Frans Simbol Tambing, 2017. Analisis Kualitas Air Sungai Agas Akibat Aktivitas Penambangan Emas di polimak IV Distrik Jayapura Selatan, Program Studi Teknik Pertambangan Uncen

Pemerintah Kota Jayapura Dinas Pekerjaan Umum Bidang Cipta karya, 2016-2020. Profil Kota Jayapura.

Ramlah, Batiar, dan Bakri Yusuf, 2015. Dampak Keberadaan Tambang Terhadap Kondisi Sosial Ekonomi masyarakat Petani Desa Rau-Rau Kacamatan Rawowatu Kabupaten bombana Provinsi Sulawesi Tenggara.

Jurnal Studi Di Desa Rau-Rau Kecamatan Rarowatu Kabupaten Bombana, ISSN: 2503-359X; Hal. 954-961




DOI: https://doi.org/10.31957/jurnalelips.v5i1.2014

DOI (PDF): https://doi.org/10.31957/jurnalelips.v5i1.2014.g1550

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2022 Jurnal ELIPS (Ekonomi, Lingkungan, Infrastruktur, Pengembangan Wilayah, dan Sosial Budaya)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.