Manajemen Konflik dan Resolusi Konflik: Sebuah Pendekatan Terhadap Perdamaian


  • Penny Kurnia Putri Udayana University


Although much literature has examined conflict management and conflict resolution, there have not yet been systematic studies that focus on their discrepancies. This article aims to explore the difference between conflict management and conflict resolution in the context of international relations. The discussion includes the theoretical and practical aspects of both approaches to peace based on a literature review of primary texts in Security and Peace Studies. This study adopts a qualitative descriptive method to shed light on the difference between the two approaches. In reference to the concept of negative and positive peace, theoretically, conflict management is engaged in negative peace, and conflict resolution in positive peace. Conflict management has the output to open room for peace processes such as negotiations, and conflict resolution to create peace agreements. Both approaches contribute significantly as keys to the transition towards peace through peace operations and supporting mechanisms to bring the finest negotiations.



Conflict Management; Conflict Resolution; Negotiation; Peace


Download data is not yet available.


ADR Times. (23 June 2021). Conflict Management Vs Conflict Resolution.,eliminate%20or%20mitigate%20the%20conflict

Boutros-Ghali, B. (1992). An agenda for peace: Preventive diplomacy, peacemaking and peace-keeping. International Relations, 11(3), 201–218.

Butler, M. J. (2009). International Conflict Management. Routledge.

Call, C. T., & Cook, S. E. (2003). On Democratization and Peacebuilding. Global Governance, 9, 233-246.

Dal, E.P. (2018). Rising Powers in International Conflict Management: An Introduction. Third World Quarterly, 39(12), 2207-2221. DOI: 10.1080/01436597.2018.1503048

D'Amato, S., Dian, M., & Russo, A. (2022). Reaching for allies? The dialectics and overlaps between international relations and area studies in the study of politics, security and conflicts. Italian Political Science Review/Rivista Italiana Di Scienza Politica, 1-19. doi:10.1017/ipo.2022.13

Edler, K. (3 April 2022). Ukraine war: Europe’s new security era, faced with Russian threat. BBC News.

Folarin, S.F. (2015). Types and Causes of Conflict (Readings in Peace and Conflict Studies). Covenant University.

Galtung, J. (2007). Introduction: peace by peaceful conflict transformation – the TRANSCEND approach. In C. Webel & J. Galtung (eds). Handbook of Peace and Conflict Studies (pp. 14-32). Routledge.

Graf, W., Kramer, G., & Nicolescou, A. (2007). Counselling and training for conflict transformation and peace-building: the TRANSCEND approach. In C. Webel & J. Galtung (eds). Handbook of Peace and Conflict Studies (pp. 123-142). Routledge.

Greig, J. M., Owsiak, A.P., & Diehl, P.F. (2019). International Conflict Managemenet. Polity Press.

Hashim, M. (26 April 2022). Darfur: Why are Sudan’s Janjaweed on the attack again?. BBC News.

Heo, U., & DeRouen, K. (2007). Civil Wars of the World: Major Conflicts Since World War II. ABC-CLIO, Inc.

Jeong, H-W. (2009). Conflict Management and Resolution: An introduction (1st ed). Routledge.

Jeong, H-W. (2000). Peace and Conflict Studies: An Introduction (1st ed). Routledge.

Joseph, O.B. (2015). Conflict Management and Resolution in Nigeria Public Sector. Review of Public Administration and Management, 4(8), 107-120.

Kaisupy, D. A., & Maing, S. G. (2021). Proses Negosiasi Konflik Papua: Dialog Jakarta-Papua. Jurnal Ilmu Sosial Dan Humaniora, 10(1), 82–98.

Lahiry, S. (2019). Conflict, Peace and Security: An International Relations Perspective with Special Reference to India. Millennial Asia, 10(1), 76-90.

Loney, H. (2019). The changing nature of resistance: East Timor on the international stage. International Institute for Asian Studies (The Newsletter 83 Summer).

Long, W. (2021). Cooperation and Conflict in International Relations. In W. Wilczynski & S. Brosnan (Eds.), Cooperation and Conflict: The Interaction of Opposites in Shaping Social Behavior (pp. 7-25). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. doi:10.1017/9781108671187.003

Nugroho, L. (2021). Peran Komunikasi dalam Manajemen Konflik. AL-IDZA’AH: Jurnal Dakwah Dan Komunikasi, 3(2), 1–11.

Paramma, P.R.T., Lewuk, M., Sagala, R., & Elosak, I. (2021). Memahami Konflik Bougainville di Papua Nugini: Analisis Kronologi, Aktor, Motivasi dan Penyebab Konflik. Papua Journal of Diplomacy and International Relations, 1(2), 121-136. DOI: 10.31957/pjdir.v1i2.1790

Reimann, C. (2004). Assessing the state-of-the-art in conflict transformation. In A. Austin., M. Fischer., & N. Ropers. Transforming Ethnopolitical Conflict (pp. 41–66). Springer.

Shonk, K. (28 December 2021). What is Conflict Resolution, and How Does It Work? How to manage conflict at work through conflict resolution. Program on Negotiation, Harvard Law School.

Slantchev, B. L. (2003). The Principle of Convergence in Wartime Negotiations. American Political Science Review, 97(4), 621-632. DOI:

Shaw, N. (18 November 2020). Conflict Management, Conflict Resolution, and Conflict Transformation: What’s the Difference?. Pollack Peacebuilding.

Sumita, B. (8 July 2020). Conflict Management. Oxford Bibliographies.,who%20specialize%20in%20managing%20conflicts

United Nations. (n.d). Terminology.

Väyrynen, T. (2018). Culture and international conflict resolution: A critical analysis of the work of John Burton. Manchester University Press. DOI:

Webel, C., & Galtung, J. (2007). Handbook of Peace and Conflict Studies. Routledge.

Yaqing, Q. (2018). Understanding International Conflict. Conflux Center.