Pemberian Kompos Bahan Sampah Serat Bromelain Yang Diinduksi Inokulum Fungi Selulolitik Aspergillus sp. Pada Pertumbuhan Vegetatif Cabai (Capsicum annuum L.)

Fadila Raisyadikara, Bambang Irawan, Salman Farisi, Yulianty Yulianty

Abstract


 

The purpose of this research is to understand the effect and the best dossage of bromelain wastes solid compost for vegetative growth of chilli plants. Accumulation of pineapple wastes made by the large pineapple plantation area. The litter of pineapple bromelain enzyme (bromelain wastes) still containing organic matter that could composted for plant nutrition. The composting of it can be accelerated by induction inoculum of cellulotic Aspergillus sp. fungus. The research used Completely Randomized Design method with seven treatment and three replications. The treatment used two different type of compost. The composition of compost A type is:  0,5 kg bromelain + 0,5 kg leaves litter + 0,5 kg livestock wastes + inoculum 1%. The composition of compost B type is:  1 kg bromelain + 0,5 kg livestock wastes + inoculum 1%. The treatment conducted P0:  5 kg soil (control). P1:  5 kg soil + 1,4% A type compost. P2: 5 kg soil + 1,7% A type compost. P3: 5 kg soil + 2% A type compost. P4: 5 kg soil + 1,4% B type compost. P5: 5 kg soil + 1,7 % B type compost. P6: 5 kg soil + 2% B type compost. Variance analyzed of obtained data were using ANOVA and tested using the Least Significant Difference Test (LSD) method. Parameter of this study are number of leaves and chlorophyll content. The results showed that the application of P6: 2% dossage B type compost from bromelain solid compost could optimized the vegetative growth of chili plants (Capsicum annuum L.). 

Key words: Aspergillus sp.; bromelain; chili; compost.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ajiningrum, P.S. 2018. Kadar total pigmen klorofil tanaman Avicennia marina pada tingkat perkembangan daun yang berbeda. Jurnal Stigma. 11(2): 52-59.

Anhar, A., R. Junialdi, A. Zein, L. Advinda, and I. Leilani. 2018. Growth and tomato nutrition content with bandotan (Ageratum conyzoides L) bokashi applied. Materials Science and Engineering. 335(2018): 012017 doi:10.1088/1757-899X/335/1/012017.

Apriscia, C.Y., N. Barunawati, dan K.P. Wicaksono. 2016. Pengaruh pemberian pupuk kompos limbah domestik terhadap pertumbuhan vegetatif tanaman tebu (Saccharum officinarum L.) asal bibit Bud Chi. Plantropica Journal of Agricultural Science. 1(2): 9-15.

Badan Pusat Statistik. 2018. Statistik tanaman buah-buahan dan sayuran tahunan Indonesia. Badan Pusat Statistik/BPS-Statistics Indonesia. ISSN: 2088-8406

Badan Pusat Statistik. 2020. htts://www.bps.go.id/ indikator/indikator/view_data_pub/1800/api_pub/TUx2d1hodjFkUGVxLzh1T2szZjhqZz09/da_05/2.

Hadiati, S., dan N.L.P. Indriyani. 2008. Petunjuk teknis budidaya nenas. Balai Penelitian Tanaman Buah Tropika. Solok. dalam: Buku Pusat Data dan Sistem Informasi Pertanian Sekretariat Jenderal Kementerian Pertanian. 2016. Outlook Nenas.

Haryanti, S. 2008. Respon pertumbuhan jumlah dan luas daun nilam (Pogostemon cablin Benth) pada tingkat naungan yang berbeda. Jurnal Anatomi Fisiologi. 16(2): 20–26.

Irawan, B., A.W. Septitasari, Zulkifli, T.T. Handayani, Damsir, dan S. Hadi. 2019. Effect of induced compost by cellulolitic (Aspergillus fumigatus) and ligninolitic (Geotrichum sp.) fungi inoculum application on vegetative growth of red chili (Capsicum annuum L.). Journal of Pure and Applied Microbiology. 13(2): 815-821.

Irawan, B., D.P. Andeska, C.N. Ekowati, Yulianty, dan S. Hadi. 2017 Effects of pH on inoculum production of Aspergillus tubingensison the acid rice media. International Journal of Scientific Engineering and Applied Science (IJSEAS). 3(7): 107-111.

Prasetyo, R. 2014. Pemanfaatan berbagai sumber pupuk kandang sebagai sumber N dalam budidaya cabai merah (Capsicum annum L.) di tanah berpasir. Planta Tropika Journal of Agro Science. 2(2): 125–132. DOI 10.18196/pt.2014.032.125-132.

Sutanto, R. 2002. Penerapan pertanian organik. Penerbit Kanisius. Yogyakarta.

Putro B.P., S. Ganjar, dan N.W. Dwi. 2016. Pengaruh penambahan pupuk NPK dalam pengomposan sampah organik secara aerobik menjadi kompos matang dan stabil diperkaya. Jurnal Teknik Lingkungan. 5(2): 1-9.

Wijiyanti, P., E.D. Hastuti, dan S. Haryanti. 2019. Pengaruh masa inkubasi pupuk dari air cucian beras terhadap pertumbuhan tanaman sawi hijau (Brassica juncea L.). Buletin Anatomi dan Fisiologi. 4(1): 21–28.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.31957/jbp.1701

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.