Monitoring Keanekaragaman dan Kemelimpahan Katak dan Kodok (Amphibia: Anura) di Sisi Timur Area Kampus UGM Yogyakarta




The diversity of frogs and toads in Universitas Gadjah Mada campus area has been studied by Prasintaningrum on the year 2018. The 2018 study found five different species of frogs and toads in the campus area. The diversity and abundance of frogs and toads species in the east side of campus area is monitored in this study. The purpose of this study is to compare the diversity and abundance also the distribution of frogs and toads in the east side of campus area between the year 2018 and 2020. This study conducted using visual encounter survey and time-constrained search as the sampling technique. From the monitoring result we concluded that the diversity and evenness of frogs and toads show reducing value in year 2020 compared to 2018. Duttaphrynus melanostictus species show increase in abundance, instead Kaloula baleata and Polypedates leucomystax show reduce in abundance in year 2020 compared to 2018. The relative distribution is changing in year 2020 compared to 2018.  

Key words: Anura; monitoring; diversity; abundance; Universitas Gadjah Mada.


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Donan S. Yudha, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Laboratorium Sistematika Hewan, Departemen Biologi Tropika, Fakultas Biologi UGM, Yogyakarta

Wintang G.B. Rahino, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Mahasiswa Program Studi Biologi, Departemen Biologi Tropika, Fakultas Biologi Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta


Bartelt, P.E., E.E. Peterson, and R.W. Klaver. 2004. Sexual differences in the post-breeding movements and habitats selected by western toads (Bufo boreas) In Southeastern Idaho. Herpetologica. 60(4): 455-467.

Becker, C.G., and K.R. Zamudio. 2011. Tropical amphibian populations experience higher disease risk in natural habitats. PNAS. 108(24): 9893-9898. 10.1073/pnas.1014497108.

Borah, B.K., Z. Renthlei, and A.K. Trivedi. Seasonality in terai tree frog (Polypedates teraiensis): Role of light and temperature in regulation of seasonal breeding. Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology. 191: 44-51.

Hurlbert, S.H. 1971. The nonconcept of species diversity: A critique and alternative parameters. Ecology. 53(4): 577-586.

Inger, R.F., B.L. Stuart, and D.T. Iskandar. 2009. Systematics of a widespread Southeast Asian frog, Rana chalconota (Amphibia: Anura: Ranidae). Zoological Journal of The Linnean Society. 155:123-147. j.1096-3642.2008.00440.x.

Iskandar, D.T. 1998. Amfibi Jawa dan Bali. Puslitbang Biologi-LIPI. Bogor.

Jost, L. 2006. Entropy and diversity. Oikos. 113(2): 363-375.

Lalfakawmi, C., M. Vanlalchhuana, Lalrinsanga, Lalbiakzuala, and H.T. Lalremsanga. 2019. The breeding biology of Fejervarya limnocharis complex, F. multistriata (Hallowell, 1861) in Mizoram, Northeast India. Science Vision. 19(4): 134-143. scivis.19.04.03.

Ngo, B.V., and C.D. Ngo. 2013. Reproductive activity and advertisement callsof the Asian common toad Duttaphrynus melanostictus (Amphibia, Anura, Bufonidae) from Bach Ma National Park, Vietnam. Zoological Studies. 52(1): 12. 1810-522X-52-12.

Othman, M.S., W. Khonsue, J. Kitana, K. Thirakhupt, M.G. Robson, and N. Kitana. 2011. Reproductive mode of Fejervarya limnocharis (Anura: Ranidae) caught from Mae Sot, Thailand based on its gonadosomatic indices. Asian Herpetol Res. 2(1): 41-45. SP.J.1245.2011.00041.

Patz, J.A., T.K. Graczyk, N. Geller, and A.T. Vittor. 2000. Effects of environmental change on emerging parasitic diseases. International Journal for Parasitology. 30: 1395-1405.

Prasintaningrum, A. 2018. Keanekaragaman, pola distribusi, dan preferensi habitat amfibi dalam upaya konservasi di lingkungan kampus Universitas Gadjah Mada. [Skripsi]. Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta.

Pielou, E.C. 1975. Ecology diversity. John Wiley & Sons Inc. New York.

Paikho, R. 2016. Relationship between abundances of Kaloula borealis and meteorological factors based on habitat features. Journal of the Korean Society of Environmental Restoration Technology. 19(3): 103-119. 10.13087/kosert.2016.19.3.103.

Qurniawan, T.F. 2015. Model of microclimatic influence on fluctuation of diversity in campus area. Jurnal Teknosains. 4(2): 101-198. teknosains.7971.

Rout, J., S. Mahapatra, S. Asrafuzzaman, S.K. Dutta, and G. Sahoo. 2019. Oviposition site selection by the asian common toad Duttaphrynus melanostictus (SCHneIder, 1799), in an Indian biosphere reserve. Herpetozoa. 31(3/4): 157-171. 31_3_4_0157-0171.pdf.

Shahriza, S., J. Ibrahim, and M.S.S. Anuar. 2016. Reproductive parameters of Chalcorana labialis (Anura: Ranidae) from Peninsular Malaysia. Sains Malaysia. 45(4): 535-539.

Shannon, C.E. 1948. A mathematical theory of communication. The Bell System Technical Journal. 27(3):379-423. 1948.tb01338.x.

Simpson, E.H. 1949. Measurement of diversity. Nature. 163: 688.

Susanti, R., and R. Sunarmin. 2020. Natural feed preference Fejervarya cancrivora L. and Fejervarya limnocharis L on the West Coast of Sumatra Island. Eksata Berkala Ilmiah Bidang MIPA. 21(2): 148-154. 10.24036//eksakta/vol21-iss2/228.






Research Articles