Analisis Dimorfisme Kupu-Kupu Sayap Burung (Ornithoptera sp.) Endemik Papua

Evie L. Warikar, Euniche R.P.F. Ramandey, Hendra K. Maury


Ornitophera sp. is one of the groups of butterflies endemic in Papua and West Papua provinces. The significant morphological differences between male and female butterflies (dimorphism) are in the shape, size and color of the wings. Morphological characteristics are important sources of information. Based on the results of specimen collections at the Papua Insect Collection Laboratory (KSP) Jayapura, there are several species from various locations in Papua. The variation in dimorphism is likely to occur in this species which gives rise to new sub-species. The purpose of this study was to record the dimorphism of the endemic Bird Wing of Papua which had been stored in the Papua Insect Collection Laboratory (KSP) Jayapura. The method used is a direct measurement of the morphology of bird wing butterfly specimens stored in the KSP Laboratory, Cenderawasih University. Morphometric data were analyzed using the SPSS 20 and Multi Variate Statistical Package (MVSP 3.1) programs. The results obtained were 7 Ornithoptera species stored in the KSP Jayapura Laboratory, namely O. chiamera, O. goliath, O. meridionalis, O. paradisea, O. priamus, O. thitonus and O. rothschildi. Based on observations there are striking differences in color, shape and size between male and female in the same species.   

Key words: birdwing butterfly, Ornithoptera sp., KSP Jayapura, dimorphisme. 


Full Text:



Bateson, W. 2007. Mendel’s principles of heredity. Cosimo Inc. New York.

Brower, J.E. and J.H. Zar. 1984. Field and laboratory methods for general ecology. Second Edition. Browen Publisher. USA.

Breuker, C.J., M. Gibbs, S. van Dongen, T. Merckx and H. van Dyck. 2010. The use of geometric morphometrics in studying butterfly wings in an evolutionary ecological context. In: A.M.T. Elewa (Ed.). 2010. Morphometrics for Nonmorphometricians, Lecture Notes in Earth Sciences 124, DOI 10.1007/978-3-540-95853-6_12.

Collins N.M and M.G. Morris. 1985. Treatened swallowtails butterflies of the world the IUCN Red Data Book. IUCN, Gland. Switzerland and Cambridge. UK.

CorelDraw. 2014. CorelDraw X7 User Guide. Concept Share Inc. Canada. US.

Frankham, R., J.D. Ballou and D.A. Briscoe. 2002. Introduction to conservation genetics. Cambridge University Press. New York.

IUCN. 2018. The IUCN Red List of threatened species. ISSN 2307-8235.

Kovack Computing Services. 2007. MVSP plus version 3.1 users’ manual. Kovach Computing Services. Pentraeth, Wales, U.K.

Lewandowski, M., A. Sznyk and A. Bednarek. 2004. Biology and morphometry of Lycoriella ingenua (Diptera: Sciaridae). Biol. Lett. 41(1): 41–45.

Makhzuni, R., Syaifullah dan Dahelmi. 2013. Variasi morfometri Papilio polytes L. (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae) di beberapa lokasi di Sumatera Barat. Jurnal Biologi Universitas Andalas. 2(1): 50-56.

Novita, R. Saepudin dan Sutriyono. 2013. Analisis morfometri lebah madu pekerja Apis cerana budidaya pada dua ketinggian tempat yang berbeda. Jurnal Sain Peternakan Indonesia. 8 (1): 41-56.

Padro, P.R.R., Luciano da F. Costa, E.M. Moraes, M.H. Manfrin & F. M. Sene. 2006. Curvature measurement as a tool for the analysis of moorphometric variation using Drosophila wings as a model. Braz. J. morphol. Sci. 23(3-4): 333-342.

Parsons, M., 1999. The butterflies of Papua New Guinea (Their Systematics & Biology). Academic Press, London.

Supriyanto. 1997. Eksplorasi jenis kupu–kupu sayap burung (Ornithoptera spp.) di Kecamatan Yapen Timur Kabupaten DATI II Yapen Waropen. Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Cenderawasih. Manokwari. unipa/dlibs123/supriyanto/_rk.html.

UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre. 2012. Review of butterflies from Asia and Oceania subject to long standing positive opinions. European Commission.

van Mastrigt, H dan Edi Rosariyanto. 2005. Buku panduan lapangan kupu-kupu untuk wilayah Mamberamo sampai Pegunungan Cyclops. Conservation International Indonesia Program. Jakarta.

van Mastrigt , H., Rinto Mambrasar, Euniche Ramandey dan Ies Piran. 2010. Buku panduan lapangan kupu-kupu untuk wilayah Kepala Burung termasuk Pulau-pulau Provinsi Papua Barat. Kelompok Entomologi Papua. Jayapura.

van Mastrigt, H dan E. Warikar. 2013. Buku panduan lapangan kupu-kupu untuk wilayah Pulau-pulau Teluk Cenderawasih Terfokus pada Numfor, Supiori, Biak dan Yapen. Kelompok Entomologi Papua. KEP (Kelompok Entomologi Papua). Jayapura.



  • There are currently no refbacks.